Plastic Fantastic- Einfluss von Plastik auf biomimetische Membranen- Paper out now

Impact of Protein Corona Formation and Polystyrene Nanoparticle Functionalisationon the Interaction with Dynamic Biomimetic Membranes Comprising of Integrin

Una JankeNorman GeistEmma WeilbeerWanda LevinMihaela Delcea

DOI: 10.1002/cbic.202400188


Plastics, omnipresent in the environment, have become a global concern due to their durability and limited biodegradability, especially in the form of microparticles and nanoparticles. Polystyrene (PS), a key plastic type, is susceptible to fragmentation and surface alterations induced by environmental factors or industrial processes. With widespread human exposure through pollution and diverse industrial applications, understanding the physiological impact of PS, particularly in nanoparticle form (PS-NPs), is crucial. This study focuses on the interaction of PS-NPs with model blood proteins, emphasising the formation of a protein corona, and explores the subsequent contact with platelet membrane mimetics using experimental and theoretical approaches. The investigation involves αIIbβ3-expressing cells and biomimetic membranes, enabling real-time and label-free nanoscale precision. By employing quartz-crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring studies, the concentration-dependent cytotoxic effects of differently functionalised ~210 nm PS-NPs on HEK293 cells overexpressing αIIbβ3 are evaluated in detail. The study unveils insights into the molecular details of PS-NP interaction with supported lipid bilayers, demonstrating that a protein corona formed in the presence of exemplary blood proteins offers protection against membrane damage, mitigating PS-NP cytotoxicity.

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